Queen Elizabeth II is the world’s longest-reigning and longest-living British monarch. She is also the world’s oldest living and reigning queen, as well as the world’s oldest and longest-serving existing head of state. She has encountered democratic sentiment and British monarchy criticism all through her reign, notably following the collapse of her children’s relationships and the passing of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. Nevertheless, in the United Kingdom, enthusiasm for the monarchy has been and continues to be strong, as has her personal reputation.
Following the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VIII, in 1936, her father ascended to the throne, making Elizabeth the future heir. She received her education at home and started working in the public sector during WWII when she joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service. She wedded Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Denmark and Greece, in November 1947, and they have four children named Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward.
Queen Elizabeth II Bio/Wiki[table id=2614 /]
Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926, during her late grandfather King George V’s reign. Her father, the Duke of York, afterward King George VI, was the King’s second son, while her mother, the Duchess of York, later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, was the daughter of Scottish nobleman Claude Bowes-Lyon.
She was baptized at Buckingham Palace’s private chapel by Cosmo Gordon Lang, the Anglican Archbishop of York, and given the name Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor. Her close relatives called to her Lilibet. Princess Margaret is Elizabeth’s only sibling. Marion Crawford, their governess, and their mother oversaw their education at home.
Elizabeth was third in line to the British throne during her grandfather’s reign, after her uncle Edward then her father. Despite the public’s excitement in her birth, Elizabeth was not anticipated to become queen because Edward was still youthful so likely he would marry and have children, who would take their place in the line to the throne ahead of her.
She emerged second in line of succession after her father when her grandpa died in 1936 and her uncle ascended as Edward VIII. Eventually, Edward abdicated when a constitutional crisis erupted over his anticipated marriage to widowed Wallis Simpson.
As a result, Queen Elizabeth II’s father was crowned king and given the regnal name George VI. Elizabeth became heir presumptive because she had no brothers. If her father had a later son, he might have been the chosen successor and would have been ahead of her in the line for the throne, which was established at the time by male hereditary rule.
When World War II broke out in 1939, Elizabeth and her sister were transferred to Windsor Castle and mostly kept out of London. She went on to make the first of her iconic radio broadcasts in 1940, this one comforting British youngsters who had been evacuated from their homes and family. Elizabeth quickly began to take on additional public responsibilities.
Elizabeth had her first public appearance checking the troops in 1942 when her father designated her commanding officer of the Grenadier Guards. Elizabeth enlisted in the Auxiliary Territorial Service in 1945 to aid in the military effort. She studied to be an excellent driver and technician with other British ladies. However, her volunteer effort was just for a few months.
Elizabeth met and fell in love, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. On November 20, 1947, Elizabeth and Philip got married in Westminster Abbey. On November 14, 1948, Elizabeth delivered her first child, Prince Charles. In 1950, her second, Princess Anne, was born.
As George VI’s health condition worsened in 1951, Elizabeth regularly filled in for him at public engagements. Elizabeth and Philip embarked on a trip to New Zealand And Australia through Kenya in early 1952. They had barely returned to their Kenyan home on February 6, 1952, when word broke of the King’s death and, as a result, Elizabeth’s instant succession to the throne.
The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place on June 2, 1953. The ritual at Westminster Abbey was aired for the first time, with the exception of the communion and anointing. At Elizabeth’s request, the floral symbols of Commonwealth nations were embroidered on her coronation robe. Elizabeth ruled for decades and on 9th September 2015, she became the longest-reigning monarch in history surpassing Queen Victoria.
Queen Elizabeth II Net Worth
Queen Elizabeth II had a net worth of estimated $426 million dollars at the time of her death in 2022.[table id=2607 /]
Queen Elizabeth is not even close to becoming the world’s wealthiest lady, contrary to common perception. She isn’t even a billionaire in the traditional sense. Elizabeth’s assets are divided into two categories, her personal assets, and assets held by an organization known as the Crown Estate.
Balmoral Castle in Scotland and the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, England are owned by Queen Elizabeth directly. These are the properties she acquired from her father. She has a hefty stock portfolio, a number of works of art as well as a stamp collection.
The Crown Estate is a real estate holding company that is not controlled by Queen Elizabeth II or the government. If Queen Elizabeth were to directly possess the Crown Estate but she does benefit from its earnings.
The Crown Estate generates about $18 million in revenue for Elizabeth each year. The Duchy of Lancaster, a real estate portfolio, generates $27 million in annual revenue. Elizabeth uses a company called the Sovereign Grant to collect 25% of the Crown Estate’s profits to pay for her and her family’s needs.
- The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place on June 2, 1953. Elizabeth’s coronation, held at Westminster Abbey, was the first to be shown live on television. The event was seen by 27 million people in the United Kingdom, out of an overall population of 36 million, and 11 million more heard on the radio. Following that, 3 million people queued the path as the Queen and her staff returned to Buckingham Palace in a lengthy procession.
- In 1970, when on a royal visit of Australia and New Zealand with Philip and Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth defied centuries of royal custom by taking a leisurely stroll to meet throngs of people in person rather than waving from a safe distance. Since then, the British royals have gone on walkabouts both overseas and at home.
- Elizabeth and Philip took the Gold State Coach through Buckingham Palace to St. Paul’s Cathedral on June 7 to celebrate her Silver Jubilee as Queen marking her 25 years on the throne. The queen, dressed in a bright pink gown with a headdress adorned with 25 fabric bells, reaffirmed her long-ago promise to devote her life to service.
- On July 29, 1981, an estimated 750 million people in 74 countries saw the live broadcast to see Prince Charles, Queen Elizabeth II’s eldest son, getting married to Lady Diana Spencer in St. Paul’s Cathedral. The successor to the British throne and the youthful couple had sparked widespread media interest, and their extravagant wedding was termed the wedding of the century.
- During then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s administration decided in late 1984 to surrender Hong Kong’s sovereignty to China on July 1, 1997. Elizabeth became the first British queen to tour the Chinese territory in 1986, seeing Xi’an’s terracotta army, Beijing’s Great Wall, and other attractions.
- Charles and Diana’s marriage deteriorated further, and they declared their separation in 1992. Queen Elizabeth II’s younger son, Prince Andrew, and his wife, Sarah Ferguson, split, while Anne separated from her husband, Mark Phillips. That year a massive fire broke out in Windsor Castle, damaging almost 100 rooms. Queen Elizabeth said in a speech marking the 40th anniversary of her accession that the year 1992 “has proved to be aAnnus Horribilis, which means a dreadful year in Latin.
- After Diana’s death in a car accident in Paris in the summer of 1997, public criticism of the royal family increased. Initially, the queen denied allowing the flag to be flown over Buckingham Palace or even to address the country in mourning. She soon gave a rare broadcast speech to a country saddened by the loss of Princess Diana, People’s Princess, at the request of her advisers.
- Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee celebrations were tarnished in 2002 by the deaths of her younger sister and their mother. Elizabeth traveled almost 40,000 miles during her Golden Jubilee year as the second British queen to do so, including excursions to the Caribbean, New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. She also travelled across the United Kingdom, seeing 70 towns and cities in 50 regions.
- In July 2013, the queen received Prince George, the first child of her son Prince William, as a new great-grandson. George is generally anticipated to become king one day, as he is third in line for the throne after his grandfather and father. This marked the first period since Queen Victoria’s rule that three generations of direct successors to the British monarchy were living around the same time.
- In 2018 when Prince Harry married Meghan Markle, a divorced biracial American actress, Elizabeth’s reign signified the changing monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II approved their wedding from the first but the British press and media were skeptical about the couple.
- When Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announced they were stepping down as senior royals in 2020, the monarchy was harshly criticized.
- Queen Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning monarch in the history of the British monarchy.
- In her entire sovereignty, she has only given one sit-down interview.
- Scottish dance is something she enjoys wholeheartedly.
- Queen also appeared in a James Bond spoof with Daniel Craig to kick off the 2012 London Olympics.
- Every year, she hosts 30,000 guests at her garden parties.
- Queen Elizabeth II’s yearly Christmas broadcast has become a tradition.
- In 2019, the Queen made her first Instagram post.
- Queen Elizabeth II was a WWII veteran.
- Queen Elizabeth II adores dogs and owns around 30 Welsh corgis.
Queen Elizabeth II has four children.
Queen Elizabeth II’s Oriental Circlet tiara is her most prized piece of jewelry with an estimated worth of $8 million.